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Ebola virus is the cause of a viral hemorrhagic fever disease. Symptoms include:
Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to the Ebola virus, although 8 to 10 days is most common.
The current Ebola virus outbreak is centered on three countries in West Africa: Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone; although there is the potential for further spread to neighboring African countries. Ebola does not pose a significant risk to the U.S. public. The standard and rigorous infection control procedures used in major hospitals in the U.S. will prevent the spread of Ebola here. In addition, the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) will work with local health departments on contact tracing, isolation, and quarantine.
Ebola is transmitted through direct contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected symptomatic person or through exposure to objects (such as needles) that have been contaminated with infected secretions.
No. Ebola is not a respiratory disease like the flu, so it is not transmitted through the air.
No. Ebola is not a food-borne illness. It is not a water-borne illness.
No. Individuals who are not symptomatic are not contagious. In order for the virus to be transmitted, an individual would have to have direct contact with an individual who is experiencing symptoms.
New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is working with the health care system to ensure that New York's providers are prepared to care for a patient with the Ebola virus. NYSDOH is working with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), local health departments, hospitals, and physician organizations statewide. Past emergencies, including September 11, 2001; Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS); Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak have demonstrated the need for hospitals to run practice drills and prepare for the unexpected.
New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is working with the health care system to ensure that New York’s providers are prepared to care for a patient with the Ebola virus. NYSDOH is working with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), local health departments, hospitals, and physician organizations statewide. Past emergencies, including September 11, 2001; Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS); Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS), and the 2009 H1N1 influenza outbreak have demonstrated the need for hospitals to run practice drills and prepare for the unexpected.
New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) has purchased supplies to supplement hospitals' stockpiles; conducted drills with hospitals on their ability to quickly identify, isolate, and evaluate a suspect Ebola patient; and developed detailed guidance on lab testing, waste disposal, and other areas of concern. NYSDOH has a department-wide Ebola planning workgroup that meets daily and discusses infection control, laboratory issues, medical waste, emergency transport, personal protective equipment, and hospital planning. The workgroup has issued several advisories and guidance to hospitals and other health care providers. This is in addition to the Ebola planning hospitals have already done. NYSDOH has activated its Incident Management System (IMS), which it uses in emergencies to ensure coordination and communication.
The Department of Health has identified eight hospitals statewide to handle all patients diagnosed with Ebola, with plans to designate additional hospitals going forward. The following eight hospitals have agreed to the designation and are creating isolation units to accept patients:
Acting State Health Commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker has issued a Commissioner's order to all hospitals, diagnostic and treatment centers and ambulances in New York State, requiring that they follow protocols for identification, isolation and medical evaluation of patients requiring care. The order mandates that all staff receive in-person training in putting on and removing personal protective equipment (PPE). The protocols ensure that New York's hospitals can safely treat patients with Ebola. DOH is also providing guidance to other health professionals and facilities on the proper management of people with potential exposure to Ebola.
Hospitals have established workgroups, identified what type and which rooms would be used for a patient with the Ebola virus; decided what kind of PPE to use; practiced putting PPE on and removing it safely; provided additional staff training; planned for laboratory evaluation of specimens; planned for infection control; coordinated with emergency medical services (EMS), medical waste disposal, and established protocols. New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is working with the Health Association of New York State (HANYS) and the Greater New York Hospital Association (GNYHA) to ensure that all hospitals in the state are conducting drills with mock patients to test emergency department capacity to quickly identify and isolate suspected Ebola patients.
Hospitals are training and conducting drills. At the request of NYSDOH acting commissioner Zucker, GNYHA, and HANYS, hospitals are drilling their emergency departments on their ability to quickly detect and isolate a patient with suspected Ebola virus. The drills help hospitals evaluate their readiness, identify areas for improvement, execute improvements, and conduct corrective training.
NYSDOH is assessing tertiary care hospitals to determine their level of preparedness to handle Ebola cases and to assess their levels of critical resources, such as isolation rooms, staff identified on all shifts, equipment, supplies, and PPE.
NYSDOH and hospitals have been having regular calls to plan for Ebola. NYSDOH regional offices have met with providers and are addressing hospital questions, providing guidance on issues such as planning, policy, and conducting drills, and planning for and ordering necessary PPE.
NYSDOH has utilized its Health Commerce System to distribute its own CDC, New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYCDOHMH), New York City Office of Emergency Management (NYCOEM), and other federal guidance regarding Ebola. NYSDOH has distributed signage; created an Ebola section on its website; provided collaborative guidance between the state, NYCDOHMH, and FDNY on EMS protocols between hospitals and EMS providers; discussed laboratory procedures for hospital testing; and is preparing guidance regarding handling of human remains.
New York State is a hub for international flights and travelers, and is therefore at risk for having such a patient. Hospitals must be in a constant state of readiness. New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) acting commissioner Dr. Howard Zucker is working with the Metropolitan Transit Authority and the Port Authority regarding communication of any concerns at points or ports of entry.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is assisting with active screening and education efforts on the ground in West Africa to prevent sick travelers from getting on planes. In addition, airports in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone, are screening all outbound passengers for Ebola symptoms, including fever, and passengers are required to respond to a health care questionnaire. CDC is also increasing support to the region by deploying 50 additional workers to help build capacity on the ground.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Department of Homeland Security's Customs and Border Protection (CBP) this week will begin new layers of entry screening at five U.S. airports.
The enhanced entry screening is being performed at JFK International Airport in New York and at Washington-Dulles, Newark, Chicago-O'Hare, and Atlanta international airports nationwide.
CDC is sending additional staff to each of the five airports. After passport review:
Entry screening is part of a layered process that includes exit screening and standard public health practices such as patient isolation and contact tracing in countries with Ebola outbreaks. Successful containment of the recent Ebola outbreak in Nigeria demonstrates the effectiveness of this approach.
If an ill passenger does enter the U.S., CDC has protocols to protect against further spread of the disease. These include notification to CDC, local transportation authorities and local health authorities if there is an ill passenger on a plane before arrival, investigation of ill travelers, and, if necessary, isolation. CDC has also provided guidance to airlines for managing ill passengers and crew and for disinfecting aircraft. CDC has issued a health alert notice reminding U.S. health care workers of the importance of taking steps to prevent the spread of this virus, how to test and isolate suspected patients, and how they can protect themselves from infection.
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has very well-established protocols in place to ensure the care of patients with infectious diseases and their safe transport back to the U.S. These procedures cover the entire process - from patients leaving their bed in a foreign country to their transport to an airport and boarding a non-commercial airplane equipped with a special transport isolation unit, to their arrival at a medical facility in the U.S. that is appropriately equipped and staffed to handle such cases. CDC's role is to ensure that travel and hospitalization is done to minimize risk of spread of infection and to ensure that the American public is protected. Patients were evacuated in similar ways during SARS.
On July 31, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) elevated its warning to U.S. citizens, encouraging them to defer unnecessary travel to, Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone over concerns that travelers may not have access to health care facilities and personnel should they need them in those countries.
Individuals from affected countries are identified through their passports and then screened by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) at the airport. All passengers from Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone have their temperatures taken upon arrival. If a passenger is ill, the individual will be transported to a hospital. If they are at risk, they will be quarantined and the local health department will check in with them twice daily and monitor their temperature. If they are found to have Ebola, they would be transferred to one of the hospitals designated to treat Ebola patients.
New York is the first state to receive a list of travelers from the three affected countries. Working with the CDC, New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH) is receiving reports of travelers arriving at JFK International Airport whose destinations are somewhere in New York State. NYSDOH will work with local health departments to contact all incoming travelers to:
Please call 315-946-7400 the Board of Elections to express your interest.
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Long-term services and supports (also known as long-term care) include a range of services and supports that can help people of all ages remain independent in their daily lives. Long-term services and supports are both medical and non-medical services that help to maintain or improve daily functioning and health. Services can be provided at home, in community-based settings such as a senior center, community center, or daycare, or residential settings such as Assisted Living Residences, or in nursing homes.
NY Connects helps you make informed choices about what services and supports will meet your needs and preferences. NY Connects staff can also help link you to available long-term services and supports. Get information about:
No. The agricultural districts do not affect your taxes. Agricultural lands may qualify for a tax break through the agricultural value assessments program. Though agricultural value assessments and agricultural districts are governed by the same law, the process is completely independent. Your taxes are based on the current land use and are determined by your assessor independent of the agricultural district. Your taxes will not automatically increase if your property is removed from the district nor will your taxes decrease for being in the district.
No. The agricultural district is not the same as zoning. The agricultural district does not affect your property class.
The New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets website has several guidance documents that offer including:
No. The agricultural district does put any restrictions on what you can do to the land. They do not prevent you from developing your land into residential or commercial uses in the future. Their main goal is to provide protections for current and potential agricultural lands and to encourage agriculture to continue. You may build new structures on land in the agricultural district, following the same process as lands outside of the agricultural district.
Think of agricultural districts as a layer, overlaid on zoning and other planning tools. If your property is not in an agricultural district, then it is simply just not part of the district. It is not added to another layer.
No. Being in an agricultural district does not prohibit the selling of land. The ADL does not restrict the transfer of real property. The ADL does provide for a real estate transfer disclosure by the seller to the prospective purchaser. The disclosure states that the property is located within an agricultural district and that farming activities including noise, dust, and odors occur within the district. Prospective residents are also informed that the location of the property within an agricultural district may impact the ability to access water and/or sewer services.
No. Only land considered by the State to be a "Farm Operation" receives the benefits.
Farm Operation Definition: "Farm operation" means the land and on-farm buildings, equipment, manure processing, and handling facilities, and practices which contribute to the production, preparation, and marketing of crops, livestock, and livestock products as a commercial enterprise, including a "commercial horse boarding operation" as defined in subdivision thirteen of this section, a "timber operation" as defined in subdivision fourteen of this section and "compost, mulch or other biomass crops" as defined in subdivision sixteen of this section and "commercial equine operation" as defined in subdivision seventeen of this section. Such farm operation may consist of one or more parcels of owned or rented land, which parcels may be contiguous or noncontiguous to each other.
You may call Wayne County Department of Economic Development and Planning at (315) 946-5919 to determine if you are in an agricultural district - please have your parcel ID number available or you may visit the NYS Agriculture and Markets website to see a general agricultural district map.
A geographic area that consists predominantly of viable agricultural land. Agricultural operations within the district are the priority land use and afforded benefits and protections to promote the continuation of farming and the preservation of agricultural land. In practice, districts may include land that is actively farmed, idle, forested, as well as residential and commercial.
Districts are usually reviewed, or renewed, every 8 years. The County Board of Supervisors, after receiving the County Agricultural and Farmland Protection Board report and recommendations and after a public hearing, determines whether the district shall be continued, terminated, or modified. During the review process, land may be added or deleted from the district.
Counties are also required to designate an annual 30-day period when landowners may petition the County for the inclusion of viable agricultural lands in an existing agricultural district. In Wayne County, the annual review takes place from January 1st to January 31st each year. Fill out the District 1 Eight-Year Review, Modification, and Open Enrollment Application (PDF). In 2016 the open enrollment is being run in conjunction with the 8-year review process.
Everyone benefits. Besides its value for the production of food, agricultural land provides many environmental benefits including groundwater recharge, open space, and scenic viewsheds. Agriculture benefits local economies too, by providing on-farm jobs and supporting agribusinesses. Agricultural land requires less public services than developed land and results in cost savings for local communities.
The ADL protects farm operations within an agricultural district from the enactment and administration of unreasonably restrictive local regulations unless it can be shown that public health or safety is threatened. The Department evaluates the reasonableness of a specific requirement or process imposed on a farm operation on a case-by-case basis. The Commissioner may institute an action or compel a municipality to comply with this provision of the ADL.
Districts must consist predominantly of viable agricultural land. Predominance has been interpreted as more than 50% of land in farms, but most districts have a higher percentage. The benefits and protections under the ADL, however, apply only to farm operations and land used in agricultural production.
Agricultural districts do not preserve farmland in the sense that the use of land is restricted to agricultural production forever. Rather, districts provide benefits that help make and keep farming as a viable economic activity, thereby maintaining land in active agricultural use.
No. To the contrary, an agricultural district can be an effective tool in helping local governments to manage growth. The existence of a district, for example, can help direct development away from traditional farming areas.
The ADL does not supersede a government's right to acquire land for essential public facilities like roads or landfills. However, the ADL provides a process that requires a full evaluation of the effects of government acquisitions on the retention and enhancement of agriculture and agricultural resources within a district.
Property taxes saved by farmers as a result of agricultural assessments must ultimately be made up by all taxpayers in the affected municipality. Farmers, like other homeowners, must bear their fair share of any tax shift since their residences are not subject to an agricultural assessment.
Behavioral changes characterize the signs and symptoms of an animal that is infected with rabies. Symptoms at first, can be so subtle they are not recognized as signs of rabies infection, especially because the infected animal may look healthy. Behavioral changes such as the following are all signs you might observe in a sick animal:
Wild animals may lose their fear of natural enemies or people and appear friendly. A normally friendly pet may become withdrawn and irritable. As the disease progresses, the animal may become aggressive, snapping at anything in its path, you may witness "frothing" at the mouth and convulsions which lead to death. This disease also mimics many other animal diseases such as the following and can only be diagnosed by a lab:
The normal route of exposure to rabies is through a bite or scratch from an infected animal. Exposure may also occur if saliva from an infected animal enters a bleeding open wound or comes in contact with an individuals eyes, mouth or nose. If you are bitten by any animal, even your own pet, wash the wound thoroughly with lots of soap and warm water, then contact your health care provider and local health agency for further evaluation.
"If its not your own, leave it alone." is a good rule of thumb. Don't feed, touch, or adopt stray/wild animals. Keep your pets and valuable livestock vaccinated against rabies. Pets too young to be vaccinated, should be kept indoors. Don't allow pets to roam at large without supervision. Don't invite wildlife to your home or yard. Keep your property free of foods that will attract unwanted wild or stray animals. Always feed your pets indoors. Capping your chimney is an easy and inexpensive way to keep out unwanted guests. If a wild animal is found on your property, bring your children and pets inside and let it wander off on its own. This may take a while, but they will leave. If you do not want to wait for them to leave on their own, you can choose to contact a nuisance wildlife trapper who will come and remove the animal for a fee.
Your taxes are calculated using your taxable assessment x the tax rate plus any special assessments.
Check the website for the date paid or check with your tax collector to see if any re-levies are shown.
If your taxes remain unpaid for two years the County of Wayne can foreclose.
A public auction is held each year in the Spring, for more information contact the Wayne County Treasurer’s Office.
Contact your assessor.
If you purchased the property after March 1st, you will not receive a tax bill until the next billing cycle. As a property owner, it is your responsibility to pay taxes in a timely manner. If you have not received a tax bill contact your Tax Collector as soon as possible.